Download full text Bahasa Indonesia, 20 pages. Bashori, Khoiruddin, et al. Indonesia is one of the most pluralistic societies in the world consisting of various social groups, ethnics, tribes, languages and religious diversities. However, the social, political, and cultural diversities among people have frequently been resulting conflicts or tensions. Using conflict and integration approach, therefore, this article observes the dynamics relation between ethnic groups, Madura and Dayak ethnic in particular, in certain plural regions in term of ethnic diversities; those are Yogyakarta, Malang and Sampit.
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The Sampit conflict was an outbreak of inter-ethnic violence in Indonesia , beginning in February and lasting throughout the year. The conflict started in the town of Sampit , Central Kalimantan Province, and spread throughout the province, including the capital, Palangkaraya.
The conflict was between the indigenous Dayak people and the migrant Madurese from the island of Madura off Java. The conflict broke out on February 18, when two Madurese were attacked by a number of Dayaks. The Sampit conflict in was not an isolated incident, as there had been previous incidents of violence between the Dayaks and the Madurese. The last major conflict occurred between December and January , and resulted in more than deaths.
Madurese were mutilated, raped, and killed by the Malays and Dayaks and 3, of them died in the massacres, with the Indonesian government doing little to stop the violence. There are a number of stories purportedly describing the incident that sparked the violence in One version claims that it was caused by an arson attack on a Dayak house. Rumours spread that the fire was caused by Madurese, and later a group of Dayaks began burning houses in a Madurese neighborhood. Professor Usop of the Dayak People's Association claims that the massacres by the Dayaks were in self-defense, after Dayaks were attacked.
Another version claims that the conflict started in a brawl between students of different races at the same school. At least Madurese were decapitated by the Dayaks during the conflict. The Dayaks have a long history in the ritual practice of headhunting , though the practice was thought to have gradually died out in the early 20th century as it was discouraged by the Dutch colonial rulers.
The scale of the massacre and intensity of the aggression made it difficult for the military and the police to control the situation in Central Kalimantan.
Reinforcements were sent in to help existing military personnel in the province. By February 18, the Dayaks assumed control over Sampit. Police arrested a local official believed to have been one of the masterminds behind the attacks. The masterminds are suspected of paying six men to provoke the riot in Sampit.
The police also arrested a number of Dayak rioters following the initial murder spree. A few days later, on February 21, thousands of Dayaks surrounded a police station in Palangkaraya demanding the release of Dayak detainees. The Indonesian police succumbed to this demand given that they were vastly outnumbered by the aggressive Dayaks. By February 28, the Indonesian military had managed to clear the Dayaks off the streets and restore order,  but sporadic violence continued throughout the year.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies. Smith; Chia Siow Yue Southeast Asian Affairs Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. June 28, Retrieved August 13, February 27, Human Rights Watch. February 28, Archived from the original PDF on July 11, Retrieved April 29, Archived from the original on May 31, Archived from the original on May 18, Retrieved August 14, February 23, Hidden categories: Use mdy dates from February Namespaces Article Talk.
Structural Analysis on Ethnic Conflict and Violence in Sampit, Indonesia
One of the most vulnerable issues to be the trigger for conflict is the issue of identity. The sense of identity can quickly turn into a response to threats. The response to these threats will often end up in conflict. Ethnicity is one of the dimension of identity.