KENNETH KAUNDA BIOGRAPHY PDF

Both taught among the Bemba ethnic group in northern Zambia, where young Kaunda received his early education, completing secondary school in the early s. Like the majority of Africans in colonial Zambia who achieved some measure of middle-class status, he also began to teach, first in colonial Zambia and in the middle s in Tanganyika now Tanzania. Kaunda returned to Zambia in In that year he became interpreter and adviser on African affairs to Sir Stewart Gore-Browne, a liberal white settler and a member of the Northern Rhodesian Legislative Council. Kaunda acquired knowledge of the colonial government as well as political skills, both of which served him well when later that year he joined the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia. Kaunda became president of the new organization and skillfully used it to forge a militant policy against the British plan for a federation of the three central African colonies—Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland.

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In August , Kaunda was chosen to attend Munali, a secondary school in Northern Rhodesia, with the goal of becoming a teacher. He returned to Lubwa in as an instructor in the local schools.

In , however, he became a farmer. Kaunda soon became involved in an emerging nationalist movement, which was called Congress. He formed a branch of the Congress in the Chinsali district, his home region.

Kaunda was unanimously elected as the president, and it was at this meeting that the name of the country was born. With the UNIP controlling the national assembly, it was only a matter of time before British colonial rule would end in Northern Rhodesia. Kaunda declared his continued belief that Zambia could establish a democracy where both Africans and white settlers could live in peace.

As such Zambia managed to avoid the racially divisive power struggles that plagued its neighbors, Southern Rhodesia now Zimbabwe and South Africa. By the s Kenneth Kaunda, now the author of a number of books on African political development, had emerged as one of the most respected political leaders in Africa.

He served as Chairman of the Organization of African Unity from to He has also brokered efforts to resolve disputes within and between African nations and was particularly active in the long campaign that led to Zimbabwean independence in In Kenneth Kaunda stepped down as President and retired from political life. His voluntary withdrawal from politics stood in sharp contrast to numerous African leaders who died in office or who were forced from power.

Kaunda married Betty Banda in The couple have had ten children. The Kaundas live in Lusaka , the capital of Zambia. Share: Print. Like this: Like Loading Do you find this information helpful? A small donation would help us keep this accessible to all. Forego a bottle of soda and donate its cost to us for the information you just learned, and feel good about helping to make it available to everyone!

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Kenneth Kaunda (1924- )

In August , Kaunda was chosen to attend Munali, a secondary school in Northern Rhodesia, with the goal of becoming a teacher. He returned to Lubwa in as an instructor in the local schools. In , however, he became a farmer. Kaunda soon became involved in an emerging nationalist movement, which was called Congress.

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Kenneth Kaunda

Kenneth David Kaunda born , first president of Zambia, was a leading figure in his country's independence movement. Until he stepped down in , he maintained his critical position as the leader of a buffer country between white-ruled states in southern Africa and hostile, independent black-ruled states to the north. His father was a minister and teacher who had left Nyasaland now Malawi in , and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. After completing his education in the early s, Kaunda began teaching at Lubwa in and was headmaster there as well from to Then he moved to the copper mining area, where he founded a farmers' cooperative, was a mine welfare officer , and became a boarding master at Mufulira Upper School from to The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism.

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