A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule , named after its inventor, Henry Gantt — , who designed such a chart around the years — A Gantt chart, or harmonogram, is a type of bar chart   that illustrates a project schedule. Terminal elements and summary elements constitute the work breakdown structure of the project. Modern Gantt charts also show the dependency i.
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Although revolutionary when they were first introduced, Gantt charts today are the most commonly used planning and charting technique. In short, they are a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule in a time line format. They show us the start and finish dates of the work to be done, as well as the inter-dependencies between the tasks that make up the work as a whole. If you are new to project management, this article will go into the origins of Gantt charts, how and when are they used, and what their advantages are.
According to Wikipedia, a Polish economist named Karol Adamiecki created a precursor to the Gantt Chart, called the harmonogram. It is said that the Harmonogram was very popular among Polish and Russian engineers. Henry Gantt, an American mechanical engineer, is considered to be the creator of Gantt charts between the years and He created many different charts, which he designed so that foremen or other supervisors could quickly know whether production was on schedule, ahead of schedule, or behind schedule.
Under the leadership of General Willam Crozier, it was used to manage the production of small arms and ammunition and commercial shipping efforts. From to , Gantt charts were also used to build the world-famous Hoover Dam, and the interstate highways system in the s, before being forgotten or rather being restricted to the engineering world. But during the s Gantt chart came back to the limelight because of the birth of the software development industry and programming.
Today they are widely used and can be seen in project files, boardroom walls and project plans. A lot of modern project management software includes this critical function. So, in a nutshell, Gantt charts display tasks as horizontal bars of different colors across a calendar, creating a visual representation of the project schedule, so stakeholders can check on progress with a quick glance. A Gantt chart has infinite advantages, but one of the major ones is that they allow teams to define problems visually.
On a single sheet of paper, you have all the list of work to be done, the schedule to maintain it, and the resources involved. A complex project can be distilled into a work breakdown structure with a clear schedule so that the tasks are easy to tackle.
With a quick glance, all team members know what is to be done and by when, and so every team member is on the same page. It is an ideal tool for managers and planners who are visual thinkers and detailed-oriented. Gantt Charts also allow project managers and stakeholders to grasp dependencies.
These are the arrows between the bars, which show how each task is related to another. This is very useful if one task needs to be completed first before another task related to it can be tackled. If you are interested to learn how Planisware solutions can help you produce interactive Gantt charts, get in touch! Delivered to your inbox every last Friday of the month. Our pick of the most interesting articles and stories for PMOs. Gantt Charts for Beginners. Gantt charts are the most commonly used planning and charting technique.
How and when are they used, and what are their advantages over other techniques? What does a Gantt chart consist of?
A Gantt Chart consists of the following: Timeline — it shows the duration according to hours, days, weeks, months and quarters Vertical lines — they divide the time into various units hours, days, weeks or months and a separate vertical dotted line indicating the current date Arrows — they show how tasks are dependent on one another Milestones — they show a due date, or the finishing of an important phase of a project Bars - they show the full duration of a task Bar colors — these are predefined colors that indicate if the tasks are active, overdue or completed So, in a nutshell, Gantt charts display tasks as horizontal bars of different colors across a calendar, creating a visual representation of the project schedule, so stakeholders can check on progress with a quick glance.
The advantages and uses of Gantt Chart A Gantt chart has infinite advantages, but one of the major ones is that they allow teams to define problems visually. Strategic planning, Hub. Strategic planning Roadmapping Pipeline management Hub.
Strategic roadmaps can, among other uses, be a great tool to facilitate communication and alignment around your strategic plan. The first of a two-part series overview of PPM trends that still shape project management today. This week: Trends 1 to 3. The second of our two-part series of PPM trends that still shape project management today: Trends 4 to 6! Strategic planning. How Dashboards, Presentations, Meeting Management, and your daily Workbox can help you streamline your portfolio governance processes.
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Article Program Management , Scheduling March One of the earliest known methods of scheduling work was invented in Poland by an engineer named Karol Adamiecki The harmonogram is known to have made a sensation in when Adamiecki first described it and the results of its application before the Society of Russian Engineers in Ekaterinoslaw. In essence, the harmonograms of Adamiecki were various work-flow network diagrams which resulted in graphical solutions to production problems.
So what is a gantt chart? A gantt chart is a horizontal bar chart that visually represents a project plan over time. A gantt chart is made up of several different elements. The first project management chart was invented by Karol Adamiecki in Good question! Gantt charts come in many forms—from good old-fashioned paper to desktop and even web-based software. Gantt charts are useful in almost any industry.
What Is a Gantt Chart?