He received an excellent education. After that he studied Roman law and jurisprudence in general, where he held numerous offices for the Great Council of the Republic. Twice, in and , he held the temporary function of knez commissary or governor of Konavle, an area southeast of the city. From until his death Ivan held various offices in the city government.
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The square was created as a consequence of the Great Earthquake from as the houses located on the spot were reduced to rubble. On the square is also a small Amerling fountain, a donation by benefactor Mr Amerling. He was educated in his home city. He was elected twice for the Rector of Konavle, he served as the member of the Dubrovnik Great Council and later as a member of the Small Council of Dubrovnik. He held several public posts in the Dubrovnik Republic, and if he had not died in he would most probably also had been elected for a Rector of the Republic.
Gundulic is the most significant representative of the Baroque period in Dubrovnik. His work embodies central characteristics of Catholic Counter-Reformation: religious fervour, insistence on "vanity of this world" and zeal in opposition to "infidels". The reliefs below the Gundulic statue are symbolic and describe the main motifs in Gundulic works.
The particular relief depicted above shows a proud lady sitting on the throne representing Dubrovnik and liberty and the two beasts, a dragon biting on the throne represents the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish threat while the winged lion chewing on the carpet below the throne represents the threat to Dubrovnik's liberty from Venice.
The poem itself focuses on transience of life. All these works are good examples of Baroque stylistic richness and, frequently, rhetorical excess. Ironically, his magnum opus, Osman , was not published in integral edition until , when the Croatian Illyrian movement took his oeuvre as exemplary idiom of what they initially deemed Illyrian literary language, later standardized as Croatian and influencing Serbian.
His grave is located in the Franciscan church. In the library of the Franciscan monastery the oldest known examples of Osman the one from and the one from are being kept. Oh you beautiful, oh you dear, sweet liberty, the gift that Almighty God gave us, the cause of truth and all our glory, the only adornment of Dubrava; Neither all the silver and gold, nor the human lives can match your pure beauty!
The Hymn is traditionally included in the opening and closing ceremony of the Dubrovnik Summer Festival as the "Libertas" Flag, a secondary flag of the former Dubrovnik Republic, is either hoisted or lowered from the halyard mast on top of Orlando Column, the chorus is following with the singing of the "Liberty hymn".
Gundulic Square - Dubrovnik
You've definitely seen his statue, you've probably taken a photo of him, you may have even found yourself sitting underneath him in a desperate attempt to catch your breath in the summer sun, but do you know who he is? Get to know one of Dubrovnik's most celebrated figures Ivan Franov Gundulic was born on the 8th of January and was known affectionately by the nickname Macica. His best known works are perfect examples of rhetorical excess and Baroque-style richness of the time, they include the religious poem Tears of the Prodigal Son, the epic poem Osman and the pastoral play Dubravka. Owing to his background and riches, the young Gundulic received an education that could be envied by many, likely studying philosophy and humanities alongside big names of the time such as Silvestro Muzio and Ridolfo Ricasoli. Following that, he studied Roman law and went on to hold offices for the Great Council of the Republic, becoming a member of the Great Council at the tender age of nineteen.
Who is Who in Dubrovnik: Ivan Gundulic
It consists of three acts with a total of 28 scenes and 1, verses, written in double rhymed dodecasyllables and octosyllables. The plot of the entire play is set in the pastoral Dubrava in a mythical, pagan time of happiness and well-being, at the time that by its nature reminiscent the golden age of mankind. Although Dubrava is some mythical country from the distant past, it represents the Dubrovnik Republic because it values freedom as the highest human value, the biggest ideal and virtue that man can reach during his transient life. The story begins at dawn, symbolically at the time of the birth of a new day but the expected day, " gentle solemn day" , a day dedicated to freedom and its glory and value, comes only once a year which makes all the characters desperately wanting it.
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