Machaut is an extremely significant composer who was equally comfortable in sacred and secular worlds. His Messe de Nostre Dame is the first complete setting of the Ordinary of the mass by a single composer that has survived. He served as a high-ranking church official in the service of various kings and nobles. He also composed courtly poetry and polyphonic songs that are the clear descendants of the troubadour song of previous centuries. Figure 1. Machaut at right receiving Nature and three of her children.
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Guillaume de Machaut was born around in Champagne. He was educated as a cleric. By , he had entered the service of John of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, with whom he travelled on several occasions to eastern Europe.
Meanwhile, Machaut had been granted a canonicate in Reims, where he was installed as canon in The latter purchased at least one luxury manuscript from Machaut.
Machaut died in Like Machaut, they benefited from highly placed patronage, but none had the important position within the church hierarchy that Machaut enjoyed at Reims.
Machaut had a professional status most of them never attained, and he moved with equal ease in sacred and secular spheres. What especially characterizes Machaut and sets him off from earlier traditions is that he was one of the first writers to whom the words "poet" or "author" in the modern sense could be applied.
Music is usually in its own section in the manuscript, and notated pieces normally appear only there. For example, a lyric poem may be found without music in the lyric poetry section, but if it is to have music, it recurs with its music in the music section. Musical compositions are divisible into secular ballades, rondeaux, virelais, lais and sacred the motets, and one of the earliest polyphonic settings of the Mass Ordinary, the " Messe de Notre Dame". The secular musical compositions represent essentially the same genres as the lyric poetry.
It is exceptional because it contains music outside the music section. The Remede is the only work by Machaut that presents narration and notated lyric insertions as a complete and unified creation. Compared to the Voir Dit , the Remede has many fewer lyric insertions 63 and 8 respectively , and it has only lyric insertions, whereas the Voir Dit also has some letters.
But in the Voir Dit only 8 of the 63 lyric insertions are notated, and the notated pieces are generally found among pieces of similar genre in the musical section of the manuscripts, rather than in the narrative text itself. For the Remede , in contrast, 7 of the 8 lyric insertions are notated in the narrative text , and nowhere else. By its exceptional status, the Remede is specifically designated as a musico-poetic entity, and we are invited to read it as such.
Further, the lyric insertions of the Remede provide examples of each of the major formes fixes of the fourteenth century, pointing to the way music and poetry will subsequently develop: it is simultaneously an art of love and and art of poetic and musical composition.
The work is handsomely illustrated in BnF fr MS C , the earliest, and arguably the most precious Machaut manuscript from an artistic standpoint, from which the manuscript images are drawn. Home Search Site Index. About Guillaume de Machaut.
Guillaume de Machaut
This article presents a complete list of the musical works of Guillaume de Machaut. Works are organized by genre. The numbering scheme, from the classic edition of Machaut's works by Leo Schrade , does not represent chronology, since few of Machaut's works can be reliably dated. Since many titles are merely the first lines of the texts used, in different sources individual pieces may be referred to by slightly different titles. For example, R20 is known both as "Douce dame" and "Douce dame tant qui vivray". Furthermore, some of Machaut's works most notably the motets employ simultaneous performance of several different texts.
List of compositions by Guillaume de Machaut
Guillaume de Machaut , Machaut also spelled Machault , born c. It is on his shorter poems and his musical compositions that his reputation rests. He was the last great poet in France to think of the lyric and its musical setting as a single entity. He took holy orders and in entered the service of John of Luxembourg , king of Bohemia , whom he accompanied on his wars as chaplain and secretary. He was rewarded for this service by his appointment in as canon of Reims cathedral. Honours and patronage continued to be lavished by kings and princes on Machaut at Reims until his death.
More by Guillaume de Machaut
He is regarded by many musicologists as the greatest and most important composer of the 14th century. Machaut composed in a wide range of styles and forms. He is a part of the musical movement known as the ars nova. Machaut helped develop the motet and secular song forms particularly the lai and the formes fixes : rondeau , virelai and ballade. Machaut wrote the Messe de Nostre Dame , the earliest known complete setting of the Ordinary of the Mass attributable to a single composer. Some of his best-known rondeaus are "Ma fin est mon commencement" and "Rose, liz, printemps, verdure".
Ballades (Machaut, Guillaume de)
Guillaume de Machaut was born around in Champagne. He was educated as a cleric. By , he had entered the service of John of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, with whom he travelled on several occasions to eastern Europe. Meanwhile, Machaut had been granted a canonicate in Reims, where he was installed as canon in