ECE R85 PDF

The internal combustion engines belong to one of the following categories: Reciprocating piston engines positive-ignition or compressionignition , but excluding free piston engines; Rotary piston engines positive-ignition or compression-ignition. The electric drive trains are composed of controllers and motors and are used for propulsion of vehicles as the sole mode of propulsion. Insert a new paragraph 2. The application for approval of a drive train type with regard to the measurement of the net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive trains shall be submitted by the drive train manufacturer, the vehicle manufacturer, or by his duly accredited representative. It shall be accompanied by the following documents in triplicate: 3.

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The internal combustion engines belong to one of the following categories: Reciprocating piston engines positive-ignition or compressionignition , but excluding free piston engines; Rotary piston engines positive-ignition or compression-ignition. The electric drive trains are composed of controllers and motors and are used for propulsion of vehicles as the sole mode of propulsion. Insert a new paragraph 2. The application for approval of a drive train type with regard to the measurement of the net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive trains shall be submitted by the drive train manufacturer, the vehicle manufacturer, or by his duly accredited representative.

It shall be accompanied by the following documents in triplicate: 3. A drive train, representative of the drive train type to be approved, shall, with the equipment prescribed in annexes 5 or 6 to this Regulation, be submitted to the technical service conducting the approval tests. If the power of the drive train submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation has been measured according to the specifications of paragraph 5 below, approval of the drive train type shall be granted. An approval number shall be assigned to each drive train type approved.

Its first two digits [ at present 00 for the Regulation in its original form ] shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval.

The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another drive train type. Notice of approval or of extension or of refusal of approval of a drive train type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in annex 3 to this Regulation. There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every drive train conforming to a drive train type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark consisting of:" 4.

Paragraph 4. Alternatively, instead of affixing these approval marks and symbols to the drive train, the manufacturer may decide that each drive train type approved under this Regulation shall be accompanied by a document giving this information so that the approval marks and symbol can be attached to the vehicle.

If the drive train conforms to a type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.

The approval mark shall be placed close to the drive train identification figures provided by the manufacturer. Annex 4 to this Regulation gives examples of the arrangements of the approval mark. Paragraph 5. General The components liable to affect the power of the drive train shall be so designed, constructed and assembled as to enable the drive train in normal use, despite the vibration to which it may be subjected, to comply with the provisions of this Regulation.

Description of tests for internal combustion engines The net power test shall consist of a run at full throttle for positive-ignition engines and at fixed full-load fuel injection pump setting for diesel engines, the engine being equipped as specified in table 1 of annex 5 to this Regulation. Measurements shall be carried out according to the provisions of annex 5 to this Regulation.

The test report shall contain the results and all the calculations required to find the net power, as listed in the appendix to annex 5 to this Regulation together with the characteristics of the engine listed in annex 1 to this Regulation. Insert a new paragraph 5. Description of tests for measuring the net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive trains The electric drive train shall be equipped as specified in annex 6 to this Regulation.

The electric drive train shall be supplied from a DC voltage source with a maximum voltage drop of 5 per cent depending on time and current periods of less than 10 seconds excluded.

Note: If the battery limits the maximum 30 minutes power, the maximum 30 minutes power of an electric vehicle can be less than the maximum 30 minutes power of the drive train of the vehicle according to this test.

The net power test shall consist of a run at full setting of the power controller. Just before beginning the test, the motor shall be run on the bench for three minutes delivering a power equal to 80 per cent of the maximum power at the speed recommended by the manufacturer.

Measurements shall be taken at a sufficient number of motor speeds to define correctly the power curve between zero and the highest motor speed recommended by the manufacturer. The whole test shall be completed within 5 minutes. The electric drive train shall run at the bench at a power which is the best estimate of the manufacturer for the maximum 30 minutes power. The speed must be in a speed range, which the net power is greater than 90 per cent of the maximum power as measured in paragraph 5.

This speed shall be recommended by the manufacturer. Speed and power shall be recorded. The maximum 30 minutes power is the average of the power within the 30 minutes period.

Make sure that for each drive train type tests are carried out in accordance with the procedures approved by the competent authority. Make sure that any collection of samples demonstrating nonconformity with the test type under consideration is followed by a subsequent collection and a further test see annexes 5 and 6. All necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish due conformity of production.

Paragraph 7, amend to read: "7. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 3 to this Regulation.

Paragraphs 8 and 8. The department may then either:" Paragraph 8. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 3 to this Regulation.

Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 3 to this Regulation. General Make Type. Test voltage:. Basic motor rotation:. Motor crankshaft maximum speed:. Maximum 30 minutes power specified by the manufacturer.

Inertia mass:. Power controller Make:. Liquid-cooling equipment characteristics Nature of the liquid Thermostat: setting. Radiator: drawing s or make s and type s. Relief valve: pressure setting Fan:. Air-cooling equipment characteristics Blower: characteristics or make s and type s. Standard air ducting:. Air filter. Temperatures admitted by the manufacturer Motor outlet: max. At motor reference point s : max. At controller reference point s : max. Insulating category:. International protection IP -code:.

Approval No. Extension No. Trade name or mark of drive train: Drive train type:. Drive train submitted for approval on:. Internal combustion engine Declared figures Maximum net power:. Nm, at Essential characteristics of the engine type Electric drive train: Declared figures Maximum net power:. Maximum net torque:. Nm, at. Maximum 30 minutes power:. The above approval mark affixed to a drive train shows that the drive train type concerned has been approved in the Netherlands E 4 with regard to the measurement of the net power, pursuant to Regulation No.

The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No. Annex 4 - Appendix former , renumber as "Annex 5 - Appendix". These requirements apply for measuring the maximum net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive trains used for propelling pure electric road vehicles.

The drive train shall have been run-in according to the manufacturer's recommendations. If the power measurement can be carried out only on a drive train with the gear-box or a reducer mounted, the efficiency shall be taken into account.

Auxiliaries to be removed The auxiliaries necessary for the proper operation of the vehicle, and which may be mounted on the motor shall be removed when performing the test. The following non-exhaustive list is given as an example: Air compressor for brakes; Power steering compressor; Suspension system compressor; Air conditioner system, etc.

Where accessories cannot be removed, the power they absorb in the unloaded condition may be determined and added to the measured power. The cooling-liquid circulation shall be activated by the drive train water pump only. Cooling of the liquid may be produced either by the drive train radiator, or by an external circuit, provided that the pressure loss of this circuit and the pressure at the pump inlet remain substantially the same as those of the drive train cooling system.

The radiator shutter, if any, shall be in the open position. This power, corrected to the standard atmospheric conditions should be deducted from the correct power. The thermostat may be fixed in the fully open position.

The motor must have been run-in in accordance with the recommendations of the applicant for the approval. Torque and speed data shall be recorded simultaneously. The temperature of the lubricating oil measured in the oil sump or at the outlet from the oil temperature exchanger if any shall be maintained within the limits prescribed by the manufacturer.

An auxiliary regulating system may be used, if necessary, to maintain the temperature within the limits specified in paragraphs 2. The torque measuring system shall be calibrated to take friction losses into account. Engine speed: 0. If after the test of paragraph 5. If the requirements of paragraph 4 above are not fulfilled, two more drive trains are tested in the same way.

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OJ L , 7. In force. Supplement 6 to the original version of the Regulation — Date of entry into force: 15 July Reciprocating piston engines positive-ignition or compression-ignition , but excluding free piston engines;. The electric drive trains are composed of controllers and motors and are used for propulsion of vehicles as the sole mode of propulsion. The application for approval of a drive train type with regard to the measurement of the net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive trains shall be submitted by the drive train manufacturer, the vehicle manufacturer, or by his duly accredited representative. It shall be accompanied by the description, in triplicate, of the drive train comprising all the relevant particulars referred to:.

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A manufacturer of high-performance vehicles needed to test a series of EDU systems to validate their Conformity of Production CoP processes and ensure that their products matched performance requirements. Millbrook urgently tested production-level parts for two vehicle platforms to ensure that the regulatory authorities received relevant documentation for continued production. The customer partnered with Millbrook as an extension of their internal test facilities, outsourcing the CoP sign-off programme and relieving pressure on their in-house team. The expert test team carried out environmental performance tests to extremes of temperature and humidity, mechanical tests and visual inspections of the test item, as well as undertaking witnessed ECE R85 power measurements. USA UK.

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