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Ben-hur Haig Bagdikian  January 30, — March 11, was an Armenian-American journalist, news media critic and commentator,  and university professor.
He worked as a local reporter, investigative journalist and foreign correspondent for The Providence Journal. During his time there, he won a Peabody Award and a Pulitzer Prize.
In , he received parts of the Pentagon Papers from Daniel Ellsberg and successfully persuaded The Washington Post to publish them despite objections and threats from the Richard Nixon administration. Bagdikian later taught at the University of California, Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism and served as its dean from to Bagdikian was a noted critic of the news media.
Bagdikian has been hailed for his ethical standards and has been described by Robert W. McChesney as one of the finest journalists of the 20th century. He did graduate work at the American University of Beirut.
Paul's College in Tarsus , run by Boston Congregationalists. His family left Marash on February 9, , just ten days after Ben was born.
They left during the Armenian Genocide ,  as Turkish forces reached the city, while the French retreated. Only an infant, he was thought to be dead. He was picked up when he began to cry. His father was a pastor at several Armenian churches in the Boston area in Watertown , Cambridge and Worcester. He had taken courses at the Harvard Divinity School and had been ordained.
McFadden , enforced a "passion for social justice that shaped his reporting. Due to his father's role, Bagdikian regularly attended sermons and "disliked the avenging God of the Old Testament and was outraged when Abraham was prepared to obey the order to sacrifice his son as a gesture of faith. Bagdikian initially aspired to become a doctor because of his mother's illness and his father's collection of books on pulmonary diseases that he read.
He renamed it to The Clark Scarlet , based on the school's colors. The university president, Wallace Walter Atwood , suspected it was too closely associated with communism. They divorced in Bagdikian died at his home in Berkeley, California , on March 11, , aged Throughout his career, Bagdikian contributed to more than national magazines and journals. Bagdikian began working for the Providence Journal in as a reporter and Washington bureau chief.
He also served as a local reporter. Bagdikian and Journal editor and publisher Sevellon Brown won a Peabody Award in for their "most exacting, thorough and readable check-up of broadcasts" of Walter Winchell , Drew Pearson , and Fulton Lewis , leading TV and radio commentators.
As a foreign correspondent in the Middle East, he covered the Suez Crisis in the fall of riding with an Israeli tank crew. Rhea   to cover the widespread discontent of the whites with the Supreme Court order to desegregate public schools.
Bagdikian began a freelance career after leaving the Providence Journal in He also wrote for The New York Times Magazine when he focused on social issues, such as poverty, housing, and migration. Parker of Stanford University praised the report for its readability, and breadth and depth of Bagdikian's "perception of technological and economic trends and his insight into potential social and political consequences.
Bagdikian joined The Washington Post in and later served as its assistant managing editor and in its second ombudsman as a representative of the readers. In June Bagdikian, as the assistant managing editor for national news at the Post , met with Daniel Ellsberg , a military analyst, who passed him 4, pages of the Pentagon Papers , excerpts from which were published by The New York Times days earlier and halted by a federal judge.
In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court decided 6—3 that "to exercise prior restraint , the Government must show sufficient evidence that the publication would cause a 'grave and irreparable' danger. Just months after the publication of the Pentagon Papers Bagdikian became an undercover inmate at the Huntingdon State Correctional Institution , a maximum-security prison in Pennsylvania, to expose the harsh prison conditions.
He remained there for six days and his eight-part series on the conditions of the prison were published in the Post from January 29 to February 6, Bagdikian left the Post in August after clashing with Bradlee "as a conduit of outside and internal complaints. Bagdikian wrote for the Columbia Journalism Review from to He taught courses such as Introduction to Journalism and Ethics in Journalism. In an interview with PBS 's Frontline Bagdikian stated that while the First Amendment allows newspapers to print anything, especially unpopular things, newspapers have an implied moral obligation to be responsible, because of their power on popular opinion and because the First Amendment was "framed with the supposition that there would be multiple sources of information.
Bagdikian was an early advocate of in-house critics, or ombudsmen in newspapers, who he believed, would "address public concerns about journalistic practices. He was a harsh critic of TV news and the celebrity status of news anchors, which he argued, was the "worst thing that can happen to a journalist. He argued that only locally based journalism can adequately report the local issues and candidates, otherwise "voters become captives of the only alternative information, paid political propaganda, or no information at all.
Not yet. In Bagdikian testified on the effects of profit on news reporting before the House Energy Subcommittee on Communications and Technology , along with economist John Kenneth Galbraith. Bagdikian's first book, In the Midst of Plenty: The Poor in America , was published in by Beacon Press and covered various categories of poverty in America, including the poor in Appalachia , the elderly in Los Angeles, men in flophouses in Chicago, and others. He wrote that some 50 corporations controlled what most people in the United States read and watched.
In , The New Media Monopoly was published, essentially the 7th edition of the original. The book became a "standard text for many college classes"  and, along with Manufacturing Consent by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky , in the opinion of Neil Henry , is a work that is the "most widely cited scholarly work about the effects of economics on modern news media practices, including market and political pressures that determine news content.
Bagdikian was a self-proclaimed advocate for social justice. He was a founding member of the grassroots network Armenians for Nader. He stated: "I think Ralph Nader has already powerfully defined the issues in this campaign and has had influence on the positions of both major party candidates.
He has made snide remarks relative to" FBI director J. Edgar Hoover and "some of his work has been described [specifically, by Hoover] as 'utter bunk'. They were not released until Edwin Baker describes Bagdikian as "probably the most quoted, certainly one of the most acute, commentators on media ownership. Hayes, Fordham University professor, wrote in his book Press Critics Are the Fifth Estate that Bagdikian has been "farsighted, inspirational, influential, long lasting, and a forerunner.
McFadden of The New York Times called Bagdikian "a celebrated voice of conscience for his profession, calling for tougher standards of integrity and public service in an era of changing tastes and technology.
Robert W. McChesney , who cites Bagdikian as one of the strongest influences on him, called Bagdikian one of the finest journalists of the 20th century. The fellowship program of the progressive magazine Mother Jones is named for Bagdikian due to his "professional record, his personal integrity, and his commitment to social justice. According to the board he had "long and significant ties to Rhode Island. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ben H. Berkeley, California , U.
It is not, at heart, to those who pay you, or to your editor, or to your sources, or to your friends, or to the advancement of your career. It is to the public. The first edition of his Media Monopoly was our bible. He was our great inspiration. Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Journalists. The New York Times.
Ben Bagdikian, the media commentator Bagdikian, journalist with key role in Pentagon Papers case, dies at 96". The Washington Post. Pietsch III.
University of Washington. Archived from the original PDF on 5 October Notable American Unitarians Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Square Library. Berkeley Daily Planet. Archived from the original on 5 October Clark University. Archived from the original on 19 January Retrieved 19 January Bagdikian dies at 96; journalist who helped publish the Pentagon Papers".
Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 14 October International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 19th ed. San Francisco Chronicle. The Providence Journal. The Guardian. John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
Autumn Public Opinion Quarterly. Westview Press. Key Readings in Journalism. The Papers and the Papers.
The New Media Monopoly: A Completely Revised and Updated Edition With Seven New Chapters
The most respected critique of modern mass media ever issued is now published in a completely updated and revised twentieth anniversary edition. The New Media Monopoly will provide a roadmap to understanding how we got here and where we need to go to make matters better. No book on the media has proved as influential to our understanding of the dangers of corporate consolidation to democracy and the marketplace of ideas; this new edition builds on those works and surpasses them. Bagdikian By Ben H.
The New Media Monopoly
Ben-hur Haig Bagdikian  January 30, — March 11, was an Armenian-American journalist, news media critic and commentator,  and university professor. He worked as a local reporter, investigative journalist and foreign correspondent for The Providence Journal. During his time there, he won a Peabody Award and a Pulitzer Prize. In , he received parts of the Pentagon Papers from Daniel Ellsberg and successfully persuaded The Washington Post to publish them despite objections and threats from the Richard Nixon administration. Bagdikian later taught at the University of California, Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism and served as its dean from to Bagdikian was a noted critic of the news media.